The freight transport and logistics sector supports economic development in the Mekong Region. The ASEAN Economic Community single market, which started early in 2016, will lead to a significant increase of cross-border trade in goods and services. The movement of freight increased by 75% between 2002 and 2011, and exports of goods from the GMS almost tripled in the same period. Infrastructure expansion further increases transport and traffic activities. Currently, trucking is the dominant form of freight transport in the GMS, accounting for approximately. 80% of all tonnage, but efficiency remains a challenge. For example 25% to 50% of all trips run empty, the average fleet is more than 10 years old, and fuel consumption often accounts for 40%-60% of the operating costs. Against this background, the efficiency, environmental performance and safety of the transport of dangerous goods in this sector are important in ensuring national economies continue to grow, welfare increases, economic competitiveness is maintained and the environmental and social impacts are reduced.